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PAL (Programme for Active Learning)


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Philosophy of PAL


“Our children should grow up to be confident persons, adept at working in teams and be able to communicate their thoughts and ideas effectively. They should be self-directed learners who view education as a life-long process. They should also be innovative and enterprising individuals, able to cope with ambiguity and adapt well to change. At the same time, Singapore needs citizens who are morally upright, have a strong sense of civic responsibility and who will contribute actively to the society.”

- Report of the Primary Education Review and Implementation (PERI) Committee (Mar 2009)    

Experiential Learning

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What is PAL (Programme for Active Learning)?

The Programme for Active Learning (PAL) is a recommendation by the 2009 Primary Education Review Implementation (PERI) Committee to provide greater emphasis on non-academic programmes for all Primary 1 and 2 students. PAL is part of the curriculum and offered during time-tabled time. In PAL, students are exposed to varied and fun learning experiences in four domains: Sports and Games, Outdoor Education, Performing Arts and Visual Arts. Students also learn socio-emotional competencies such as respecting others and responsible decision making. PAL nurtures confidence, curiosity and cooperation skills in students. The programme is rolled out via a phased-in approach and will be offered in all primary schools by 2017.


In a study research, it is found that such children showed deficiency in self-management and relationship management skills. Social emotional competencies such as the ability to interact well with others and manage one’s emotions are viewed as essential skills for children of today to excel both academically and in life. Thus, the need to help children to develop and strengthen the competencies.


Objectives of PAL

PAL was conceptualised to achieve the following objectives:

• Provide pupils with broad exposure and experiences through fun and varied activities in two broad areas:

            - Sports & Games and Outdoor Education, and

            -Performing Arts (Music & Dance) and Visual Arts

• Facilitate holistic development of pupils in the five domains, that is, moral, cognitive, physical, social and aesthetics.

• Provide varied avenues for pupils to develop social and emotional competencies.


The two broad areas of Sports & Games and Outdoor Education, and Performing Arts and Visual Arts are selected as they provide:

            -Provide for experiential learning: experimentation, exploration, and achieving success; and

            -Opportunities for learning experiences to acquire a range of skills as well as interaction with their peers, thereby developing confidence.


Collectively, PAL modules will enhance the total experience of pupils in primary schools in the moral, physical, aesthetics, social and emotional domains of learning for a holistic education.


Features of PAL @ WVPS

• Two hours of curriculum time will be set aside weekly for the implementation of PAL modules.

• There will be a total of 6 modules implemented from P1 – P2, with each module spanning over 7 weeks.

• The PAL modules are mostly designed by our very own school teachers to suit the pupils’ needs and will be conducted by them as well.

• The processes of learning will be captured and documented in digital images and videos.

• At the end of each lesson, there will be time for reflection and debrief.

• PAL is non-examinable.  


Characteristics of PAL Modules

Characteristics of PAL Modules:

PAL modules embody the following characteristics :

• Experiential in nature

• Creative learning

• Provide opportunities for all pupils to create and innovate

• Fun and enjoyable

• Incorporate Character Development and Social Emotional Learning (e.g. self-discovery, self-respect, respect for others, team work and leadership)


Learning outcomes of PAL:

• Exhibit confidence in what they do and express themselves effectively

• Exhibit curiosity and positive attitudes to learn

• Enjoy group experiences and teamwork